Childhood skin conditions & rashes

How to Identify Common Rashes and Skin Conditions in Children

There are a wide array of rashes and skin problems that commonly affect children. Although parents may not be able to identify every rash that pops up, it is important to be familiar with some of the most common varieties and understand how to identify them.

The following skin conditions are all common in children:


Chickenpox is probably the most famous skin condition found in children, but it is rarely seen due to routine immunization.  An itchy rash is usually accompanied by a fever. Chickenpox is recognizable by the stages that the spots go through, as they first blister, then burst, then dry up before crusting over. Depending on the severity of the case, kids may have between 250 and 500 spots.

Baby Acne

Baby acne may seem alarming, particularly to first-time parents, but it is truly harmless and will eventually disappear on its own. Some babies are born with a small amount of baby acne, while many develop acne within a couple weeks. Baby acne simply looks like small pimples or whiteheads and most often appear on a baby’s cheeks.

Heat Rash

This harmless rash is simply an indication that a child is too warm and sweat glands or ducts have become blocked. Heat rash looks like small red pimples and often appears around the neck and shoulders of babies and children. With babies, it can be caused by too much clothing, so remove a layer of clothing if you suspect a baby has a heat rash.

Fifth Disease

Although fifth disease may seem alarming as your child develops a bright red rash on his face and then a lacy rash on his body, it is a fairly mild illness. The bright red facial rash is the identifying sign, but the rash itself typically doesn’t appear until the illness has mostly run its course. If a facial rash appears after a week of flu-like symptoms, your child might have fifth disease.


The exact cause of eczema is unknown, although children with other health issues such as asthma or allergies are more prone to developing the rash. Rashes caused by eczema are highly itchy and cause red, dry skin with raised bumps.


Hives appear as red patches, rather than bumps. Hives can be triggered by a wide variety of allergies, ranging from foods like nuts or shellfish to medicines such as penicillin. Although hives may be harmless, it could also indicate a more serious medical issue. If your child’s hives are accompanied by other symptoms such as difficulty breathing or swelling, contact a doctor immediately.

If you have additional concerns about a rash or skin condition your child has developed, then schedule an appointment with your pediatrician.





The information and content on our website should not be used as a substitute for medical treatment or advice from your doctor.



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